DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25063/21457735.136

DENTAL CARIES PREVALENCE WITH ICDAS CRITERIA AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN COLOMBIAN CHILDREN WITH PRIMARY DENTITION

Farith Damian González Martínez, Luis Eduardo Carmona Arango, Edwin Puello Del rio

Resumen


Objective. Describes the prevalence and severity of dental caries in Colombian preschool children with primary dentition. Methods. Cross-sectional study, using a random sample by clusters of 336 children between 3 and 5 years of age, examined during 2010. Dental caries lesion detection was carried out by visual criteria (ICDAS). A questionnaire was answered by the parents. Examiner´s calibration in ICDAS assessment method was carried out with a benchmark examiner, and the inter-examiner and intra-examiner reliability was calculated. The association exploration was analyzed parting from the prevalence ratio (PR; 95 percent confidence interval CI). The multivariate analysis was done using poisson regression model, obtaining adjusted values by age and gender. Results. Dental caries prevalence was 88.9 %, (51.4 % for experience and 37.5 % for non cavitated lesions). The average dmf-t was 1.7 +/-2.5. The most commonly present lesions were non cavitated, being the smooth surfaces in cervical area the most affected. For caries experience there was significance with a cariogenic diet, tooth brushing parent supervision and the use of a high fluoride content toothpaste, while the severity of dental caries was associated with dental consultations per year, mother´s schooling and school behavior. Conclusions. The dental caries prevalence and severity was associated with different risk factors (weekly cariogenic diet consumption, no parental tooth brushing supervision, use of high fluoride content toothpaste, visit to the dentist less than one/year, mother schooling less than high school and inadequate school behavior), which at this age can be oriented by parents through a change in behavior.


Palabras clave


dental caries; prevalence; primary dentition

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